Steve Kovacik are Manager of Business Development and Controls Engineer, respectively, for Fives North American Combustion Inc., Cleveland, Ohio. He can reached at email@example.com or 216-373 8333.
Automation within forges and heat-treating facilities often consists of individually controlled processes for individual pieces of equipment, such as furnace heating or press operation cycles. Individual processes can be controlled at a Level I protocol. Full cell automation consolidates these automated steps and implements a central Level II control system, which is designed using a combination of Windows services and model-view-controller (MVC) architecture.